Pakistan and Afghanistan: Opportunities and Challenges in the Wake of the Current Crisis


This upcoming event builds upon recent meetings and discussions hosted by different organizations, including a dialogue organized by PAKNET, a World Bank staff association, in early October, 2001.

Since then, a large number of internal and external groups have expressed an interest in the substance of the dialogue. The current initiative attempts to open up the discussion porno 3d to the larger community. The moderators and sponsors of the discussion welcome scholars, historians, social scientists, students and practitioners of development, and other active community members who would like to share their knowledge and insights to help achieve a deeper understanding of the situation.

This electronic discussion is sponsored by: The George Washington University Department of Public Administration; the GWU Center for the Study of Globalization; the Community Empowerment and Social Inclusion Program (WBIKL); and the Knowledge Sharing Program (WBIKL).

The discussion aims to:
1. increase knowledge and understanding of the situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan;
2. improve the appreciation of perspectives of different actors;
3. enhance understanding of the roots and branches (causes and effects) of the current situation; and,
4. analyze the complexities, along with the opportunities and challenges for both countries, and a realistic view of the way forward.
Structure and Contents

The discussion is organized in three portions of 9 -10 days each. Each portion will be led by an invited moderator who will make a first contribution to set the stage for the discussion, and make other inputs as necessary. Key features of the situation that are expected to cut across all discussion components are the linkages and overlaps between social, political, and economic development.

Each portion of the discussion will be guided by a question from the following set of questions related to the current crisis. By ‘crisis’ we refer to the attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001; the ensuing ‘War on Terrorism’ by a coalition led by the United States, and its effects on Afghanistan and Pakistan (e.g. internal displacement, refugees, hunger, destruction, division and conflict in society, economic fall out, and loss of life).

Part One of the discussion will consider the question: How did we get here?

Discussion of this topic will focus on the root causes of the current situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It will include a discussion of the historical context; the different actors, internal and external; and their interests and inter-relationships over time.

Part Two will consider the question: What are the implications of this crisis on the economic, social, and political development of Pakistan and Afghanistan?
How are the root causes and the historical context reflected in what is happening now? The discussion will also consider the complexities of reconstruction and development in a pre and post-conflict situation.

Part Three will consider the question: Where do we go from here?

What do the current events mean for the future of Pakistan and Afghanistan? What are the key challenges and main opportunities in the given situation? Discussion of this topic will focus on realistic ideas for moving forward, considering the intertwined history of Pakistan and Afghanistan, and their current state of economic, social, and political development. How can these three juegos hentai dimensions of development be addressed adequately? Who can play what roles? Should respective efforts be sequential? Simultaneous? Which approaches would be desirable? Which are possible?

Optimization process

Optimization occurs on many fronts with an overall objective to improve efficiency and accuracy thought an enterprise. All areas of increased optimization have a direct contribution to reduce operational and maintenance costs.

A major part of the optimization process includes study services that focus on utilization of existing technology and infrastructures to be sure the systems are used to achieve the maximum efficacy and therefore reducing up-front optimization capital costs.

Some areas where most existing SCADA systems can immediately gain efficiency are:

  • Integrated Data Acquisition and Reporting
  • Process Automation
  • Internet/Intranet web technology
  • Laboratory Information Management Software (LIMS)
  • Maintenance Software Integration (CMMS)

Integrated Data Acquisition and Reporting
Integrating embedded technology of SCADA systems with database and intranet technology can save a great amount of time. The fact is that many enterprises are made up of many different business units that need to share operational data. Many times this information is collected and or reported by the SCADA system of porno casero in a raw format. The operations personnel then will complete operational log sheets and bench test data for later compilation to some type of reporting summary. This is the data format that is shared with the other business units as well reported to regulatory agencies. In most cases, these log sheets are in some type of spreadsheet format like MS Excel and have to be compiled to create a report on some interval basis. This takes time, sometimes allot of it.

Although this process works to achieve operational reporting requirements on a regular basis, going back in time to analyze data over some time period can simply be a nightmare. Often times business units need to analyze data over time and may ask operations to provide them with some aggregated data over some time period greater then one reporting interval. The operations staff has to review many spreadsheets or past reports to compile the requested data. For more information manual data acquisition, see our Excel Automation page.

With the integration of¬† free porn embedded SCADA technology and database and/or web technology, a lot of the areas can be automated to gain great operational efficiency and optimization. With some review of operational procedures and flow of data, a viable and expandable solution can be integrated to greatly increase your enterprise’s optimization.

For many systems; usually local, state, and federal forms and reports can be compiled automatically from manually entered data and historical SCADA data while allowing required personell to administrate all data and compiled reports.

Process Automation
The fact is that all manufacturing and processing enterprises can increase efficacy through increased automation. Manufacturing and processing systems rely on many distributed processes to work together to achieve a final product of certain quality and with the best efficiency. This requires close coordination between different process operations with sometime required close watch of process variable to achieve desired quality. Also, scheduling plays a big role in hitting efficiency targets.

Through automation, different processes can be linked and operational activities automated to free up operators to address other tasks and reduce overall workload. Also, using historical data and analysis tools, efficiency can be analyzed and tracked. This are can also identify problem areas that quickly that affect overall efficiency.

Internet/Intranet web technology
Using Intranet/Internet web technology can greatly increase efficiency of the entire enterprise. Integrating a web server with SCADA and other data acquisition activities, data can be interactively shared among an unlimited number of users with out any user software or configuration requirements. By using a web server to serve you enterprise through intranet or serve the public, this optimization is invaluable. Real-time and historical data can be monitored and analyzed by any authorized number of users simultaneously.

Integrated with today’s mobile and wireless technology, web and database programming is the ultimate solution. For example, a plant supervisor can be notified on his cell phone via text messaging or e-mail when a problem is occurring. He can then go to his PC at home and review all real-time and historical data securely over the Internet.

This configuration usually does not include the means of real time SCADA control for security reasons, however control is possible with proper configuration. However, all administrative data QA/QC can be done by authorized personnel via the internet.

Laboratory Information Management Software (LIMS)
In many processes, there are analytical tests that must be performed by personnel. These tests enable the process authority to comply with quality control and regulatory requirements. An extensive amount of data tracking and control is required.

As a result, various Laboratory Information Management Software systems have become available to aid in this data management and have proven to be a great tool for any enterprise.

The key to any great LIMS system is its proper integration. There are many off the shelf LIMS products available but choosing software is not in any case all that is required. Quality engineering and information integration makes up a very large part of any LIMS integration. Quality engineering involving a complete understanding of your laboratory process and comprehensive knowledge of online instrumentation and data acquisition are a must. In order to optimize the return on your LIMS investment 7you must invest in its proper integration.

Icproe offers a comprehensive LIMS integration service that includes all engineering and integration services required to successfully integrate your new LIMS solution. We will work with you to determine the scope of the objectives and provide study-engineering services to compile clear integration specifications using your feedback and review of budgetary/schedule information.

With objectives clearly specified, Icproe will then work to integrate a total turn- key solution. This may include various methods of procurement and execution depending on our client, but the result is always clear. Our clients will receive exactly what they are expecting at the highest quality in execution and integration.

Icproe can provide the total turn-key integration or help you to procure all products and services. We provide high quality engineering specification and contract administration services for all our projects. Where various laws for procurement are applicable and we are hired for contract / bid administration services, the same standards apply to all contractors and sub contractors.